No one agrees that Gramado and the Rio Grande do Sul area are one of many nice examples of Brazilian tourism in the present day.
Tourism has develop into the principle vector of financial growth there, accounting for about 83% of the commune’s revenue.
The inflow of holiday makers is absolutely spectacular: in the present day Gramado, with a inhabitants of solely 35,000 and with out its personal airport, receives over six and a half million guests a 12 months and has the most important tourism infrastructure within the state (over 13, e.g., 1,000 beds and virtually 200 bars and eating places).
Natal Luz, the principle regional occasion, breaks information in attendance yearly.
Nonetheless, a vacationer who has spent a decade with out visiting Gramado will certainly be shocked to descend there in the present day. Finally, town undergoes such a change that its mountain roots are barely seen in lots of locations, changed by giant parks with an usually chaotic aesthetic just like Downtown Vegas and The Strip.
With dinosaurs and different big figures with questionable aesthetics, amusement parks of all types, a wax museum, and luxurious automobiles for quick driving, Gramado presents increasingly points of interest that might (and really are!) Anyplace else on the earth.
Along with the surplus of holiday makers, town has increasingly vacationer points of interest – particularly these specializing in households with kids – that don’t make any regional, cultural or historic references and sometimes visually pollute the great thing about its mountains.
“The success of a vacationer vacation spot has constructive and destructive penalties. The positives are well-known; the destructive ones have their dimension solely when they’re skilled ”, analyzes Susana Gastal, professor of Tourism and Hospitality on the College of Caxias do Sul (PPGTURH-UCS).
Much less idyllic, extra saturated
Agrees that the idyllic and romantic Gramado of most Brazilian vacationers’ imaginations is more and more “beneath menace”; but in addition attracts consideration to important infrastructure issues associated to the surplus of vacationers within the metropolis.
Residents complain about site visitors, lack of water and queues in supermarkets. Overcrowding additionally results in worth inflation. Saturation exhausts guests and residents.
The trainer additionally highlights the necessity for extra public leisure, similar to parks and amenities open to residents, and to encourage participation in native occasions.
“It’s essential to create public insurance policies that break down limitations between the vacationer metropolis and town of the resident. Realizing vacationers that the place they’ve enjoyable, there are locals and staff who work to make the go to pleasing and profitable. The town can develop, nevertheless it can not lose its soul, which makes it distinctive and completely different, he warns.
Researcher Pedro Bittencourt César, course coordinator at UCS and head of the Middle for City Research at CNPq, agrees:
Gramado tourism has little to do with serious about authenticity. The form of town itself is hybrid, however for the rich class, Porto Alegre has at all times been related to summer season tourism.
The brand new regional airport ought to entice much more vacationers
For a number of years, Gramado has been selling occasions of nationwide and worldwide significance, such because the Movie Competition. He created one of many largest occasions within the nationwide tourism calendar, Natal Luz.
And it really maintains its vacationer exercise all 12 months spherical, together with in enterprise tourism.
Some researchers argue, nevertheless, that along with all the issues brought on by the surplus of holiday makers, the tourism construction adopted there in the present day can be extraordinarily centralized.
“Gramado and the area have a really sturdy monopoly drawback. All different sectors in Gramado and Canela are associated to tourism and nearly all financial exercise is for that motive, ”explains Pedro Bittencourt César, UCS coordinator.
In accordance with the researcher, tourism in Serra Gaúcha has modified over time: first Caxias do Sul, then Garibaldi, then Canela and Gramado.
“This alteration is worrying on the one hand: Gramado just isn’t ready for any change on this central place. And this big dimension of time division [propriedades de tempo compartilhado] which has now settled within the commune, creates an uncommon situation that applies to your complete area – he provides.
The brand new issue might additionally exacerbate the present difficulty of tourism demand and construction: Caxias do Sul airport, which is scheduled to start development subsequent 12 months, will function lower than 50 kilometers from Gramado and Canela. The brand new airport will assure a lot simpler and quicker entry to each locations for vacationers coming from far-off.
This might additionally have an effect on different municipalities within the area the place customer numbers are growing quickly, particularly across the Itaimbezinho and Fortaleza canyons.
“Cambará do Sul is already reaping the advantages of this tourism explosion. Analysis is required to know the affect that tourism will create there with nice diligence as we take into consideration these new views, ‘warns Pedro Bittencourt César.
The brand new vacationer profile of Gramado and the area
A tourism research by Luca Tourism in collaboration with Sebrae discovered that Gramado receives 37.5% of all Serra Gaúcha guests. Nearly 80% of the full variety of vacationers within the metropolis come from lessons B and C (78.3%), 56% aged 18-40, and 78% keep as much as 3 days.
Most of them come from different cities in Rio Grande do Sul alone (39.5%), with the best focus of out-of-state guests coming from São Paulo and Santa Catarina.
However the area is now seeing the event of luxurious tourism in Brazil – and needs a slice of that market. Lately, the native enterprise group has made efforts to advertise luxurious tourism in and across the metropolis.
This profile is more and more attracted by vacationers who, seeing Gramado and Canela as factors of mass tourism, most well-liked emigrate to different locations in Serra Gaúcha (and even different locations and areas of the nation) has develop into a precedence for a lot of entrepreneurs.
The Casa Hotéis assortment, which has simply accomplished 25 very profitable years within the regional hospitality business, has lengthy been investing on this phase. Based by the Peccin household, traditionally related to the vacationer growth of town and the founding of Natal Luz, proprietor of the Casa da Montanha and Petit Casa da Montanha inns (along with the favored Parador Cambará do Sul, in Campos de Cima da Serra), was opened on the finish of 2018 Resort Wooden Gramado, who introduced some ‘authenticity’ to the native hospitality business.
Lower than one block from Borges, Gramado’s predominant avenue, Wooden Resort is not like another resort within the space. Wager on top-shelf vacationers (day by day from R $ 768, breakfast and minibar included) with a contemporary décor however not forgoing native influences and roots.
The large hero, because the title suggests, is wooden, which additionally drives one of many predominant industries within the area – however used within the resort with sustainable care in development and day by day use.
A number of conventional parts and supplies from the area had been used within the alpine structure and ornament of public areas and lodging. As well as, the resort’s restaurant favors native suppliers, working with recent and seasonal substances to compose a menu for every season (an fascinating reinterpretation of conventional gaucho and mountain dishes).
“The phrase that’s most related to Gramado in the present day is sadly trendy,” says researcher Pedro Bittencourt César.
“However it is rather fascinating that native businessmen take care of the vacationer growth of town, which may be very conducive to the replica of capital there,” he says. Time will inform if “native” and “regional” can even have a higher affect on town’s new vacationer points of interest within the close to future.