Skincare glossary: ​​what every ingredient does and the way to decide on merchandise – 16.01.2023

Have you learnt the right way to purchase skincare merchandise? Earlier than that: are you aware if you really want to do a skincare routine and what step-by-step is indicated? We additionally had many doubts. That is why we reached out to the consultants to assist us type by means of the tough names on these product labels—and likewise work out if we actually want that a lot.

Methods to begin

Earlier than you begin utilizing skincare merchandise (which means “skincare” in English), it is vital to know that every one pores and skin advantages from a skincare routine. It is not simply freshness or advertising and marketing to promote cosmetics.

The primary advantages of skincare are the prevention of:

  • Pores and skin most cancers;
  • Untimely ageing;
  • The stains.

Nevertheless, the indicated merchandise usually are not the identical for everybody: understanding your pores and skin kind is a vital planning ingredient. One of the simplest ways to search out out is to see a dermatologist.

This skilled is one of the best particular person to prescribe merchandise and level out vital precautions that may aid you:

  1. Do not waste your cash on cosmetics;
  2. Know your pores and skin kind and select the perfect merchandise for you;
  3. Understands your pores and skin’s hydration stage and the way it behaves by way of unity;
  4. Use the indicated merchandise accurately; and
  5. Keep away from utilizing any beauty merchandise that might worsen the well being and look of your pores and skin.


Earlier than we speak concerning the components, let’s undergo a fast step-by-step with the minimal that ought to be included in a skincare routine.

1. Solar safety

Picture: Getty Photographs/iStockphoto

Chances are you’ll assume that solar safety and skincare are two utterly various things. Nevertheless, dermatologists consider that solar safety is definitely step one in skincare.

That is as a result of the primary perform of skincare is to guard the pores and skin, holding it wholesome and exquisite. And sunscreen protects the pores and skin exactly from one of many greatest culprits of pores and skin most cancers and untimely ageing: the solar. So select a sunscreen that has an SPF of at the very least 30 and apply it liberally.

For many who are inclined to develop spots on their pores and skin, utilizing sunscreen is much more vital, and in these circumstances it is best to make use of a product with a basis or coloration choice—such a sunscreen creates a bodily barrier on the pores and skin and it is over. providing higher safety.

2. Hygiene

Select a cleaning soap or gel cleanser particularly to your facial pores and skin – these merchandise are made for extra delicate pores and skin. Ideally, hygiene ought to be light, with out harming the pores and skin, in order to not take away the “good fats”. Wash your face with cleaning soap 1 or most 2 instances a day if the pores and skin may be very oily.

3. Hydration

Hydrated pores and skin maintains its pure protecting barrier, which reduces the danger of irritation and allergic reactions, in addition to bettering tolerance to dermatological therapies. Even these with oily pores and skin ought to hydrate it, listening to the kind of product finest fitted to every pores and skin kind (we’ll speak about that under).

There are even two further steps that may be included in a extra full skincare routine:

4. Antioxidants

These merchandise have the perform of decreasing blemishes, bettering safety in opposition to solar harm, texture and brightness of the pores and skin. Probably the most studied antioxidant and probably the most indicated by the sources consulted by Stay properly is vitamin C. Its use is usually really useful within the morning.

5. Acids

Promotes cell renewal, improves pores and skin texture, stimulates collagen, reduces the looks of pores and pimples. Retinoids (tretinoin, retinol, adapalene, retinaldehyde) and hydroxy acids (resembling glycolic acid) are most well-liked. They’ll have a particular impact, however the dermatologist’s prescription is crucial, as a result of using acids could cause irritation, allergic reactions and sensitivity.

skincare glossary

Now that you understand the step-by-step, let’s speak a little bit concerning the merchandise themselves. There are a number of skincare merchandise accessible out there with probably the most assorted formulation. Manufacturers usually promote their energetic ideas, typically with out additional clarification of how every ingredient works.

That is why we have listed among the commonest skincare product names. Know the components and perceive the perform of every in your skincare routine:

cleaning soap primarily based on syndet

  • They’re produced with an acidic pH, which is nearer to the pH of human pores and skin and due to this fact promotes higher elimination of filth and impurities.
  • It would not hurt the pores and skin or strip it of its good fat and pure hydration.

Cleaning soap for delicate pores and skin or child’s pores and skin

  • One other good choice for hygiene because it won’t hurt the pores and skin.
  • Use to clean within the morning or within the bathe.
  • Wash with cleaning soap as much as 2 instances a day to keep away from the rebound impact (when over-cleansing results in a rise within the pores and skin’s pure oil manufacturing).
Hyaluronic Acid - iStock - iStock
Picture: iStock

Hyaluronic acid

  • Substance with excessive moisturizing potential, which helps to restore the pores and skin barrier.
  • It will increase the pores and skin’s water retention, leaving it gentle and hydrated.
  • It has the potential to deal with high-quality traces, bettering the looks of the pores and skin.
  • Regardless of the acidic identify, it acts extra like a moisturizer and can be utilized all 12 months spherical with out potential irritation.
  • It may be used within the morning and within the night.

Vitamin C (L-ascorbic acid)

  • Vital antioxidant motion, prevents pores and skin ageing, spots and is a superb anti-aging element.
  • Promotes photoprotection.
  • It’s a highly effective precursor to collagen manufacturing.
  • One of many strongest skincare merchandise with probably the most scientific proof.
  • It has a excessive value – watch out for very low-cost manufacturers.
  • Search for merchandise with pure vitamin C and keep away from these with vitamin C derivatives (that are usually cheaper).
  • It really works finest in serum format (which is extra watery).
  • Its most well-liked use is within the morning.


  • That is the primary element of fats in our pores and skin.
  • It helps to kind a barrier layer on the pores and skin, defending it from aggression and stopping it from shedding moisture to the exterior setting.
  • Highly effective moisturizing cream, particularly for the pores and skin of the entire physique.
  • Good energetic precept for these with dry or delicate pores and skin.
  • Can be utilized day or night time.
phyto-retinol - iStock - iStock
Picture: iStock


  • Energetic ingredient derived from vitamin A, will also be known as retinoic acid.
  • Its use requires care.
  • Use solely at night time.
  • Wash your face completely within the morning to take away all of the product.
  • Keep away from extreme solar publicity the following day — at all times use sunscreen when utilizing retinol merchandise.
  • Highly effective anti-aging agent, precursor of collagen formation.
  • It promotes cell renewal, softens blemishes and helps cut back high-quality traces.
  • It additionally helps deal with pimples and enlarged pores.


  • It is the darling molecule of the climate: it has anti-inflammatory energy and likewise hydration, however its profit is lighter.
  • Subsequently, it usually seems mixed with different components.
  • It helps restore mobile vitality and restore broken DNA.
  • Reduces the impression of ultraviolet rays on the pores and skin.
  • It has anti-inflammatory properties and anti-oil motion.
  • It helps to lighten blemishes because it inhibits the motion of the enzyme tyrosinase.
  • Can be utilized day or night time.

portray in rosehip oil

  • Substance used for a very long time, with regeneration impact, moisturizing and anti-irritant motion.
  • Particularly indicated for very dry and tough pores and skin.
  • Its use for the physique is indicated for any kind of pores and skin — on the face, it could actually improve unity and pimples formation.
  • It’s wealthy in oleic and linoleic acid and vitamin A.
  • Helps heal wounds.
  • Its anti-stain motion is discreet.
  • Can be utilized day or night time.

exfoliating enzymes

  • A number of completely different merchandise bear this identify.
  • They assist to exfoliate the stratum corneum, probably the most superficial layer of the pores and skin, composed of already useless cells.
  • They assist make the pores and skin smoother, however use with warning.
  • Exfoliation ought to be finished 1 or at most 2 instances every week to keep away from irritation.
  • When finished properly, exfoliation helps enhance the penetration of components in skincare formulation into the pores and skin.
  • Extreme exfoliation could cause a rebound impact, leaving the pores and skin extra delicate and even oilier.
  • They can be utilized day or night time, however ideally solely as soon as every week.


  • Promotes pores and skin hydration and helps forestall indicators of ageing.
  • Will increase the quantity of water that is still within the pores and skin.
  • Good choice for treating scars, post-procedure pores and skin or sensitized pores and skin because it helps restore broken pores and skin obstacles.
  • Very current in shampoos, it’s a good element for these with dry hair.
  • On the pores and skin, it helps keep hydration for longer.
  • Can be utilized day or night time.

shea butter

  • Wonderful moisturizer, it could actually trigger pimples on extra delicate pores and skin resulting from its greasy potential.
  • Very appropriate for moisturizing the physique, particularly in dry areas resembling arms, elbows and knees.
  • It improves the elasticity of the pores and skin, being extensively used within the prevention of stretch marks.
  • It helps strengthen the pores and skin’s protecting barrier.
  • Excellent for dry or delicate pores and skin.
  • Can be utilized day or night time.

Salicylic acid

  • It has an exfoliating motion and can be utilized to resume pores and skin cells.
  • Indicated for acneic and oily pores and skin.
  • It helps shrink pores and improves pores and skin texture.


  • It’s an inhibitor of tyrosinase, the enzyme that produces spots on the pores and skin (primarily melasma, that are solar spots).
  • Sturdy pores and skin bleach.
  • It has managed use, which means it could actually solely be used with a physician’s prescription.
  • Ideally, it ought to be utilized in winter and in restricted concentrations.
  • Could trigger irritation: it’s a extra delicate product that requires medical supervision.

Product kind: cream, serum or gel?

Black woman putting collagen serum moisturizer on her face - Getty Images/iStockphoto - Getty Images/iStockphoto
Picture: Getty Photographs/iStockphoto

Lastly, one final piece of data that’s fascinating to think about is the car for the merchandise you wish to purchase.

The car is the shape used to rework a chemical substance, an energetic precept resembling these listed above, right into a beauty utilized to the face or physique. That’s the format: whether or not it’s a cream, gel or serum.

The car additionally interferes with the motion of the product and the impact obtained. For each pores and skin kind, there’s a extra appropriate car.

  • Regular to dry pores and skin, delicate pores and skin and mature pores and skin: cream or lotion, as they’re heavier merchandise and have a extra moisturizing texture;
  • Oily pores and skin: serum or gel, as they’re formulations that don’t stimulate oil manufacturing.

Sources: Fatima Britodermatologist and coordinator of the dermatological care space on the Hospital das Clínicas of the UFPE (Federal College of Pernambuco); Henrique Demeneckdermatologist and professor at PUC-PR; Juliana Okay. de Almeida, dermatologist of the SBD (Brazilian Society of Dermatology) shaped by Unicamp (State College of Campinas); and Alessandra Ribeiro Romitidermatologist and adviser on the Division of Dermatological Cosmiatry at SBD.

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