Fabrício Moreira, 37, traded parts of pasta and stroganoff for the wheel of Uno 2021. Marcos Paulo Benício, 45, gave up making marmitex and pizza dough each day to serve a schedule of shoppers searching for actual property. Márcio Silva, 51, continues to organize hamburgers – now not on the 4 wheels of the Mercedes Benz vans that circulated within the metropolis of São Paulo, however in a hard and fast level in Pinheiros, within the western a part of town.
9 years after being sanctioned by the then mayor of São Paulo, Fernando Haddad (PT), in December 2013, the legislation 15.947, which regulates avenue meals within the capital of São Paulo, has stopped attracting entrepreneurs. Offered as an ideal incentive to take avenue distributors out of informality and, on the similar time, carry cooks to the streets of the nation’s largest metropolis, providing reasonably priced variations of starred dishes, the legislation left one thing to be desired by inhibiting the free motion of distributors via town streets.
That is what made the lots of of meals vans that began circulating round São Paulo in 2013 disappear from the capital (there have been round 600 in 2019). At present they’re the exception within the neighborhoods and could be discovered more often than not at occasions.
On the similar time, as of 2020, the pandemic has taken a few of São Paulo’s 12.3 million residents off the streets, lots of whom have began working at dwelling. Even some college college students, who used to go instantly from work to class or vice versa, now examine on-line.
That is what has withered within the nation a market estimated at 10% of the whole out-of-home meals sector, which now quantities to R$543 billion a 12 months, based on Abia (Brazilian Meals Business Affiliation).
“I used to be promoting about 120 meals a day,” says Fabrício Moreira, who labored subsequent door on the Uninove campus in Barra Funda in western São Paulo. “Classes have been speculated to return after Carnival in 2020, however they by no means have. I used to be pressured to cease,” says Moreira, who labored Monday via Friday at a pasta cart. “Individuals got here straight to the faculty from work and had dinner earlier than class.”
Moreira earned about R $ 20,000 a month with the cart, his revenue was about R $ 5,000 a month. He employed an assistant and relied on his mom and sister to assist put together the meals. He had a Time period of Use Authorization (TPU), the primary licenses to discover avenue meals granted by town of São Paulo.
At present he works as an app driver and manages to gather R$ 3,000 a month web. “I by no means return to the streets,” says Moreira. «The motion has dropped in comparison with what it was earlier than the pandemic. Within the area the place I labored there isn’t a longer a circulate that justifies the reintegration of the exercise. And the Municipality has at all times made enjoyable of us: there needed to be one other TPU to position a financial institution on the sidewalk, I could not promote something past what was specified within the time period, there was quite a lot of forms”.
Marcos Paulo Benício additionally has no intention of returning to the street anytime quickly. He additionally had a pizza cart close to Uninove in Barra Funda. He offered 150 snacks an evening. “However the competitors has elevated, many individuals have began exploring the area on the similar time,” he remembers.
It was then that, a 12 months earlier than the pandemic, he started providing marmitex to those that labored close to the Barra Funda metro. “My TPU was for snacks at evening and town did not permit me to promote meals within the afternoon,” he says.
With the pandemic, Benício continued to work with supply, in a kitchen arrange in a front room close to his dwelling. “I created a canteen within the area, I used to be capable of ship meals, however the workers wished us to open the corridor for face-to-face service, even when every little thing was closed for worry of the Covid an infection”, he remembers.
He ended up leaving the enterprise and as we speak works as an actual property agent. In his spare time he’s additionally an software driver. “I additionally wish to return to gastronomy, however I have to restructure,” says Benício, who misplaced his financial savings throughout the pandemic. “I wish to purchase a meals truck and begin working with occasions.”
“Brazilians do not like a diversified menu or consuming standing up”
Márcio Silva has the identical expectation. He began working with a meals truck in 2013, simply earlier than the approval of the road meals laws in São Paulo. He had success with two Buzina Burger vans, which operated within the areas of Vila Madalena and Itaim Bibi, neighborhoods west of São Paulo with an intense nightlife. Within the case of Itaim Bibi, the area additionally hosts workplaces and Avenida Faria Lima, the middle of the monetary market of São Paulo.
“Many individuals work at home, which is the antithesis of avenue meals,” says Silva. He says he observed the meals truck market declining even earlier than the pandemic. “Brazilians are usually not used to avenue meals, to eat standing up, they wish to have no less than a bench to take a seat on,” he says. “He additionally thinks that, being on the road, the meals have to be less expensive than that of a snack bar or restaurant,” says Silva. “But it surely’s not, if it is made with good components, it is just a bit cheaper.”
Additionally, says the businessman, Brazilians do not actually like altering the menu. “In New York, along with the vans having freedom of motion on the streets, they aren’t restricted to a hard and fast level, the number of dishes is far better. There’s Thai, Mexican, Greek, Chinese language meals, you identify it” , he says. “Right here, Buzina began serving meals. However we have spent the final three years promoting one plate, one salad and 7 sorts of hamburgers. That is all folks eat.”
After reaching a sale of three,000 sandwiches a month, he offered one of many vans in 2019 as enterprise slowed. In 2021 he offered the second truck, already after the pandemic. He had paid BRL 230,000 for the 2 vans. He ended up promoting the automobiles for R$150,000. 12 staff fired. At present, he runs the Buzina burger store in Pinheiros, which opened in 2017.
“We’re high quality, we promote about 6,000 snacks a month,” she says. “However we nonetheless have money owed incurred within the pandemic. I need, sooner or later, to have a truck once more, however smaller and to work solely with occasions on weekends,” says Silva, who feels responsible for encouraging, up to now, many entrepreneurs have tried avenue meals.
Between 2015 and 2018 he starred within the actuality present “Meals Truck – A Batalha”, on the GNT channel, alongside Adolf Schaefer, proprietor of Holy Pasta Meals Truck. “Individuals who stayed on the road are promoting 40% to 60% much less,” Silva says.
Márcio Silva is a critic of so-called “meals parks” – giant rented areas in neighborhoods the place vans have been parked, serving the general public. “He took away the essence of avenue meals, you needed to plan to eat there as a substitute of discovering a spot that sells good meals in your avenue,” he says. “Apart from, the hire was too costly.”
Town of São Paulo as soon as had about 30 meals parks, says Mauricio Schuartz, associate of audiovisual manufacturing firm KQi, who’s liable for the “Chefes na Rua” program, broadcast on the Journey Field Brazil channel. Schuartz was behind a few of these developments, equivalent to Meals Park Butantã and Meals Park Marechal, in western and central São Paulo, respectively. The primary closed its doorways in July 2020, within the first 12 months of the pandemic.
“Avenida Paulista, on Sundays [quando o espaço fica fechado para carros], it is an unimaginable place for a meals park,” Schuartz says. the enterprise. “I feel the principles have developed since 2014.”
SP receives 30 avenue meals allow requests per day
The Metropolis Corridor of São Paulo knowledgeable the Sheet that the variety of avenue meals licenses has returned to pre-pandemic ranges within the final 12 months. “We’re issuing between 50 and 60 authorizations per day for avenue gross sales, half of which is for meals,” says Maria Albertina Afonso Henke, director of the Tô Authorized Program of town of São Paulo.
Based in 2019, Tô Authorized sought to permit avenue distributors to be put in on 70% of town’s streets. Within the particular case of avenue meals, it labored as an evolution in comparison with TPUs, says Albertina.
“Whereas the TPUs established a hard and fast location for the licensee, Tô Authorized, via licensing orders, permits the vendor to register to work in a given location from 1 to 90 days, with the ability to proceed within the area by which it’s positioned after this era or select one other,” says the chief, stating that the whole course of could be finished on-line, on this system’s web site.
The charge for acquiring the license varies based on the worth of the ‘tax court docket’ required, the identical reference used for the calculation of the IPTU. However the report discovered that, within the central areas of town of São Paulo, the speed is round R$ 900 for a most interval of 90 days, contemplating six days every week, for 2 durations (morning, afternoon, evening).
Contemplating the info of final January 5, there have been 1,132 TPUs and 1,567 authorization orders for avenue meals in São Paulo, granted by the Municipal Secretariat of the Sub-prefectures. The 5 hottest crafts are: snacks, kebabs, crayons, truffles and cookies, and sizzling canine.
“With the pandemic, meals enterprise entrepreneurs wanted to reinvent themselves, which was additionally the case for avenue meals distributors,” says Helena Andrade, challenge supervisor at Sebrae-SP. In keeping with her, many individuals who turned unemployed ended up resorting to promoting meals, additionally utilizing social networks to attempt to safe prospects. “It is an evolution for many who used to solely use the brochure,” she says.
Helena remembers, nonetheless, that meals entrepreneurs’ margins have been squeezed by meals and packaging inflation. “The expansion of supply, in step with new consumption habits, additionally takes away an vital a part of income from entrepreneurs”, she says. On common, supply apps cost 27% of the gross product worth.
Manoel Salvino da Silva, 55, was pressured to modify to itinerant commerce in 2022. After managing snack bars in two public parks within the capital – in Ibirapuera, for 15 years, and in Villa-Lobos, for 18 years [–, ele viu a renovação do contrato ser negada depois que os espaços foram concedidos à iniciativa privada.
O empresário e seus sócios partiram, então, para o trailer de lanches que já tinham adquirido em Moema, na zona sul de São Paulo. “A gente abria só aos fins de semana, para atender ao movimento do Parque das Bicicletas, que fica próximo. Mas passamos a abrir todo dia depois que entregamos as lanchonetes”, afirma.
O movimento das ruas está fraco, diz o empresário, mas ainda assim ele consegue vender cerca de 400 lanches por mês. “Isso é mais de fim de semana. Durante a semana, o que vende é bebida, por conta do parque”, diz Salvino da Silva, que está animado mesmo é em voltar a ter um ponto fixo. Vai inaugurar em março a lanchonete Sabor Ibira, mesma marca que usava nos parques.