The case of veto permits the switch of property titles by a notary

The overturning of the President’s veto of Article 11 of Federal Regulation No. 14,382 by the Nationwide Congress, which passed off on Christmas Eve final 12 months, allowed the necessary property judgment course of to be carried out immediately at a notary nationwide as the primary doc to have a notarial document drawn up by a Notary. Enforcement can solely happen if there’s a promise to purchase and promote and one of many events makes the switch of the property tough or unattainable.

Carrying it out with a notary now has the benefit that the process, which till now has solely been carried out in court docket and may last as long as 5 years, will be carried out out of court docket in a median time of as much as three months, relying on the case, and extra cheaply by a notarial document on the notary workplace.

The Vice President of the Colégio Notarial do Brasil, Part Rio de Janeiro (CNB/RJ), Edyanne Frota Cordeiro, confirmed that it was attainable to hold out the process with a view to relieve the judiciary and be sooner for the consumer by the notaries. This example happens each time the individual has already paid for the property and fails to have the title deed, ie he can’t eliminate the property in full, hire it out, promote it or give it as safety.

“The individual has to begin on the notary and make a notarial document. It is a doc wherein the individual proves that the opposite get together owes title to the property, which could be the promissory word vendor i.e. the one that promised to promote or the promissory word issuer who’s are the so-called drawer contracts, ”he shared with Edyanne in an interview Company for Brazil. The drawer contract is the casual doc for getting and promoting actual property, with out registration with an actual property notary and with out exterior interference from banks or actual property institutes.


The CNB/RJ Vice President defined that the individual should show to the notary by paperwork akin to financial institution statements, copies of checks, and thru varied authorized signifies that they’ve paid and likewise tried to acquire the belongings of the one that promised at hand over the belongings , when he obtained the prize and didn’t, and his executor if the asset was within the property. A number of causes may clarify why this didn’t occur: the individual was absent, she was in an unsafe and unknown place, she had already died as a result of she did not need it, the Vice President mentioned. “Typically it may be a building firm that went bankrupt or ended, or that its representatives refuse to honor the beforehand signed settlement.”

Based on him, “it will be significant that all the things has already been paid and the individual has not obtained the ultimate deed, that’s, the title deed for registration on the land registry”. It will possibly additionally occur that the individual has paid off the property however has not paid the property switch tax (ITBI) that’s payable when buying a property.

It’s as much as the notary to do all of the authorized preparations for the individual, ie put together the doc and gather proof that the individual has paid the stipulated value. Then the notary’s clerk places all the things in a notarial deed. The log then goes to the accountable land registry workplace, which should come from the district wherein the property in query is situated. In one other neighborhood that isn’t attainable, mentioned the vp. If all the things is so as, the deed will be accomplished in per week.

The get together pays the doc within the notary’s workplace, the worth of which will depend on the worth of the property. The document ought to have the same worth. Based on Edyanne Frota Cordeiro, the measure may relieve 1000’s of lawsuits being processed within the judiciary, contribute to efficient land regulation and clear up the lives of many Brazilians who’re ready as much as 5 years for the end result of switch instances goes already paid off properties. , however the vendor refuses or is prevented from transferring the property to the client.


Based on the President of the CNB/RJ, José Renato Villarnovo, “The implementation of a compulsory resolution within the notary’s workplace is one other nice achievement of the Colégio Notarial do Brasil and the Corregedoria Geral de Justiça do Rio de Janeiro. Many cities, particularly inland, have issues with properties which were irregular for years for a wide range of causes. The out-of-court process is cheaper than court docket proceedings and relieves the judiciary. It’s an choice for the individuals of Rio de Janeiro to make the most of the velocity and safety of notaries to resolve the regularization of 1000’s of city and rural properties”.

The notarial document should comprise the identification of the property, the title and {qualifications} of the purchaser or his assignees contained within the promissory word, proof of fee and characterization of the failure to meet the duty to situation or acquire the title deed. “As a result of the title belongs to you (the one that paid for the property). It is only a matter of ritual. You’ve got already paid all the things, you do not owe something. It is like going there to summon that title for your self; take what’s yours,” mentioned Edyanne.

Along with guaranteeing the authenticity of the paperwork, the notarial deed can certify the provision or non-availability of the property and the settlement of the authorized transaction, after having offered to the notary varied paperwork akin to earnings tax returns, emails and textual content between merchants proving receipt by the vendor, along with financial institution statements and different information that aren’t supported by paperwork. The messages exchanged between the contracting events can reveal the makes an attempt to acquire the definitive deed, reveal the problem or impossibility and be the true proof of the vendor’s refusal to situation the definitive deed.

The Vice President of CNB/RJ careworn that if a compulsory adjudication course of is already underway within the judiciary, the consumer should approve the revocation request by their legal professional or public defender to ensure that the motion to be carried out out of court docket. . .

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